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Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol. 2004 Feb;5(2):148-57.

Repairing DNA-methylation damage.

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Cancer Research UK London Research Institute, Clare Hall Laboratories, Blanche Lane, South Mimms, Hertfordshire EN6 3LD, UK.


Methylating agents modify DNA at many different sites, thereby producing lethal and mutagenic lesions. To remove all the main harmful base lesions, at least three types of DNA-repair activities can be used, each of which involves a different reaction mechanism. These activities include DNA-glycosylases, DNA-methyltransferases and the recently characterized DNA-dioxygenases. The Escherichia coli AlkB dioxygenase and the two human homologues, ABH2 and ABH3, represent a novel mechanism of DNA repair. They use iron-oxo intermediates to oxidize stable methylated bases in DNA and directly revert them to the unmodified form.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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