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J Biol Rhythms. 2004 Apr;19(2):135-43.

Photoperiodism in Neurospora crassa.

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Institute for Medical Psychology, University of Munich, Munich, Germany.


Plants and animals use day or night length for seasonal control of reproduction and other biological functions. Overwhelming evidence suggests that this photoperiodic mechanism relies on a functional circadian system. Recent progress has defined how flowering time in plants is regulated by photoperiodic control of output pathways, but the underlying mechanisms of photoperiodism remain to be described. The authors investigate photoperiodism in a genetic model system for circadian rhythms research, Neurospora crassa. They find that both propagation and reproduction respond systematically to photoperiod. Furthermore, a nonreproductive light-regulated function is also enhanced under certain photoperiodic conditions. All of these photoperiodic responses require a functional circadian clock, in that they are absent in a clock mutant. Night break experiments show that measuring night length is one of the mechanisms used for photoperiod assessment. This represents the first formal report of photoperiodism in the fungi.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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