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Neurochem Res. 2004 Mar;29(3):569-77.

Initiation of neuronal damage by complex I deficiency and oxidative stress in Parkinson's disease.

Author information

1
Department of Medical Biochemistry, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary.

Abstract

Oxidative stress and partial deficiencies of mitochondrial complex I appear to be key factors in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease. They are interconnected; complex I inhibition results in an enhanced production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), which in turn will inhibit complex I. Partial inhibition of complex I in nerve terminals is sufficient for in situ mitochondria to generate more ROS. H2O2 plays a major role in inhibiting complex I as well as a key metabolic enzyme, alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase. The vicious cycle resulting from partial inhibition of complex I and/or an inherently higher ROS production in dopaminergic neurons leads over time to excessive oxidative stress and ATP deficit that eventually will result in cell death in the nigro-striatal pathway.

PMID:
15038604
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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