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Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2004 Apr;45(4):1259-71.

Impairment of the transient pupillary light reflex in Rpe65(-/-) mice and humans with leber congenital amaurosis.

Author information

1
Department of Ophthalmology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To determine the impairment of the transient pupillary light reflex (TPLR) due to severe retinal dysfunction and degeneration in a murine model of Leber congenital amaurosis (LCA) and in patients with the disease.

METHODS:

Direct TPLR was elicited in anesthetized, dark-adapted Rpe65(-/-) and control mice with full-field light stimuli (0.1 second duration) of increasing intensities (-6.6 to +2.3 log scot-cd. m(-2)). 9-cis-Retinal was administered orally to a subset of Rpe65(-/-) mice, and TPLR was recorded 48 hours after the treatment. TPLR was also measured in a group of patients with LCA.

RESULTS:

Baseline pupillary diameters in Rpe65(-/-) and control mice were similar. TPLR thresholds of Rpe65(-/-) mice were elevated by 5 log units compared with those of control animals. The waveform of the TPLR in Rpe65(-/-) mice was similar to that evoked by 4.8-log-unit dimmer stimuli in control mice. Treatment of Rpe65(-/-) mice with 9-cis-retinal lowered the TPLR threshold by 2.1 log units. Patients with LCA had baseline pupillary diameters similar to normal, but the TPLR was abnormal, with thresholds elevated by 3 to more than 6 log units. When adjusted to the elevation of TPLR threshold, pupillary constriction kinetics in most patients were similar to those in normal subjects.

CONCLUSIONS:

Pupillometry was used to quantify visual impairment and to probe transmission of retinal signals to higher nervous centers in a murine model of LCA and in patients with LCA. Mouse results were consistent with a dominant role of image-forming photoreceptors driving the early phase of the TPLR when elicited by short-duration stimuli. The objective and noninvasive nature of the TPLR measurement, and the observed post-treatment change toward normal in the animal model supports the notion that this may be a useful outcome measure in future therapeutic trials of LCA.

PMID:
15037595
DOI:
10.1167/iovs.03-1230
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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