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Neurosci Lett. 2004 Feb 26;357(1):63-7.

Alzheimer's disease-associated amyloid beta interacts with the human serine protease HtrA2/Omi.

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Graduate School of Biotechnology, Korea University, Seoul 136-701, South Korea.


Amyloid beta (Abeta), a principle component of the cerebral plaques found in the brains of patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD), is a pivotal factor implicated in the pathogenesis of AD. Recent reports show that not only extracellular Abeta but also intracellular Abeta induces neuronal apoptosis; however, the mechanism remains to be elucidated. Using yeast two-hybrid assays, we found that Abeta interacts with HtrA2/Omi, an essential human serine protease with proapoptotic activity. Additionally, we mapped the C-terminal region containing the PDZ domain of HtrA2/Omi as the binding determinant for Abeta? The interaction of Abeta with HtrA2/Omi was further confirmed through in vivo co-immunoprecipitation assay in HEK293 cells. This study suggests the possibility that the accumulation of intracellular Abeta and a function of proapoptotic protease, HtrA2/Omi are correlated.

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