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Curr Opin Microbiol. 2004 Feb;7(1):45-50.

T cell responses to Listeria monocytogenes.

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Infectious Diseases Service, Department of Medicine Immunology Program, Sloan-Kettering Institute, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York 10021, USA.


Owing to its unique intracellular biology that allows it to gain access to the host cell cytosol, Listeria monocytogenes induces potent, protective CD8 responses. The study of these responses has served as a paradigm to understand cell-mediated immunity to microbial pathogens. The availability of mutants specifically defective in unique aspects of the intracellular biology of this pathogen has greatly aided these studies. During the past few years, progress has been made to understand the contribution of the innate immune system and CD4 T cells in the generation of robust, long lasting CD8 responses to L. monocytogenes.

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