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Biochemistry. 2004 Mar 30;43(12):3628-36.

Role of calcineurin B homologous protein in pH regulation by the Na+/H+ exchanger 1: tightly bound Ca2+ ions as important structural elements.

Author information

1
Department of Molecular Physiology, National Cardiovascular Center Research Institute, Suita, Osaka 565-8565, Japan.

Abstract

We studied the role of the interaction of calcineurin homologous protein 1 (CHP1) with the Na(+)/H(+) exchanger 1 (NHE1), particularly its EF-hand Ca(2+) binding motifs, in the intracellular pH (pH(i))-dependent regulation of NHE1. We found that (45)Ca(2+) binds to two EF-hand motifs (EF3 and 4) of the recombinant CHP1 proteins with high affinity (apparent K(d) = approximately 90 nM). Complex formation between CHP1 and the CHP1 binding domain of NHE1 resulted in a marked increase in the Ca(2+) binding affinity (K(d) = approximately 2 nM) by promoting a conformational change of the EF-hands toward the tightly Ca(2+)-bound form. This suggests that CHP1 always contains two Ca(2+) ions when associated with NHE1 in cells. Interestingly, overexpression of GFP-tagged CHP1 with mutations in EF3 or EF4 significantly reduced the exchange activity in the neutral pH(i) range and partly impaired the activation of NHE1 in response to various stimuli, such as growth factors and osmotic stress. Furthermore, we found that, in addition to reducing the activity (V(max)), a CHP1 binding-defective NHE1 mutant had a marked reduction in pH(i) sensitivity ( approximately 0.7 pH unit acidic shift), which consequently abolished various regulatory responses of NHE1. These observations suggest that the association of NHE1 with CHP1 is crucial for maintenance of the pH(i) sensitivity of NHE1 and that tightly bound Ca(2+) ions may serve as important structural elements in the "pH(i) sensor" of NHE1.

PMID:
15035633
DOI:
10.1021/bi0360004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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