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J Cell Biochem. 2004 Apr 1;91(5):987-98.

BRCA1 interacts with dominant negative SWI/SNF enzymes without affecting homologous recombination or radiation-induced gene activation of p21 or Mdm2.

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Department of Cell Biology, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts 01655, USA.


BRCA1 is a tumor suppressor gene linked to familial breast and ovarian cancer. The BRCA1 protein has been implicated in a diverse set of cellular functions, including activation of gene expression by the p53 tumor suppressor and control of homologous recombination (HR) during DNA repair. Prior reports have demonstrated that BRCA1 can exist in cells in a complex with the BRG1-based SWI/SNF ATP-dependent chromatin remodeling enzymes and that SWI/SNF components contribute to p53-mediated gene activation. To investigate the link between SWI/SNF function and BRCA1 mediated effects on p53-mediated gene activation and on mechanisms of homologous recombination, we have utilized mammalian cells that inducibly express an ATPase-deficient, dominant negative SWI/SNF enzymes. Mutant SWI/SNF ATPases retain the ability to interact with BRCA1 in cells. We report that expression of dominant negative SWI/SNF enzymes does not affect p53-mediated induction of the p21 cyclin dependent kinase inhibitor or the Mdm2 E3 ubiquitin ligase that regulates p53 in cells exposed to UV or gamma irradiation. Similarly, integration of a reporter that monitors homologous recombination by gene conversion into these cells demonstrated no change in the recombination rate in the absence of functional SWI/SNF enzyme. We conclude that the SWI/SNF chromatin remodeling enzymes may contribute to but are not required for these processes.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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