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J Am Acad Dermatol. 2004 Apr;50(4):563-71.

Chemoprevention of squamous cell carcinoma in recessive dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa: results of a phase 1 trial of systemic isotretinoin.

Author information

1
National Epidermolysis Bullosa Registry, Lexington, Kentucky, USA. ProfMoose@aol.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Patients with recessive dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa (RDEB) are at high risk of developing squamous cell carcinoma on or after midadolescence, and most patients die of metastatic squamous cell carcinoma within 5 years of diagnosis of their first squamous cell carcinoma.

OBJECTIVE:

We sought to determine whether isotretinoin can be safely administered to patients with RDEB as a possible chemopreventive agent.

METHODS:

A total of 20 patients with RDEB aged 15 years or older were treated daily for 8 months with isotretinoin (with a targeted dosage of 0.5 mg/kg/d).

RESULTS:

No unusual adverse reactions were noted in this patient population. Several patients experienced reduced blistering at lower doses and increased mechanical fragility at maintenance dosage.

CONCLUSIONS:

Isotretinoin, at least up to a dosage of 0.5 mg/kg/d, may be safely used in patients with RDEB. Although increased fragility may occur, patients tolerated this drug well and were receptive to its long-term use for possible chemoprevention of cancer. Whether such an effect will occur is yet to be proven.

PMID:
15034505
DOI:
10.1016/j.jaad.2003.08.008
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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