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Korean J Gastroenterol. 2004 Mar;43(3):176-85.

[Deoxycholic acid-induced signal transduction in HT-29 cells: role of NF-kappa B and interleukin-8].

[Article in Korean]

Author information

1
Department of Internal Medicine, Yonsei University Wonju College of Medicine, Wonju, Korea.

Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIMS:

Deoxycholic acid (DCA) has been appeared to be an endogenous colon tumor promoter. In this study, we investigated whether DCA induces nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappa B) activation and IL-8 expression, and tauroursodeoxycholic acid (TUDC) inhibits this signaling in HT-29 cells.

METHODS:

After DCA treatments, time courses of NF-kappa B binding activity were determined by electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA). Also, we performed Western blotting of I kappa B alpha to confirm NF-kappa B activation. Time and concentration courses of DCA-induced secretion of IL-8 were measured with ELISA in supernatants of cultured media from the cells. To evaluate the role of NF-kappa B, IL-8 levels were assessed after pretreatment with using phosphorothioate-modified anti-sense oligonucleotides (ODN). Moreover, DCA-induced secretions of IL-8 were measured after pretreatment with TUDC.

RESULTS:

DCA dose-dependently induced prominent NF-kappa B binding complexes from 30 min to 8 hr and degradation of I kappa B alpha. The secretions of IL-8 were increased with DCA (50-200 micro M) treatment in a time and dose-dependent manner. Pre-incubation of the cells with TUDC (0.1-10 micro M) for 2 hours caused significant decreases in DCA induced IL-8 secretion. However, transient transfection using p50 or p65 AS-ODN showed no effect on IL-8 secretion.

CONCLUSIONS:

DCA may play as a colonic tumor promoter through anti-apoptotic effect of NF-kappa B activation and IL-8 expression, and DCA-induced NF-kappa B independent IL-8 expression is inhibited by TUDC.

PMID:
15034288
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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