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Med Oncol. 2004;21(1):73-80.

Immunohistochemical analysis of cyclin D1 and p53 in multiple myeloma: relationship to proliferative activity and prognostic significance.

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Medical Training Center Bezanijska kosa, Auto put bb, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia and Montenegro. dragano@ptt.yu


Conflicting data are reported on the clinical significance of cyclin D1 deregulation in multiple myeloma. The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence and prognostic significance of cyclin D1 expression and p53 mutations in multiple myeloma, as well as the relationship of their expression with selected clinical data, histological features, and proliferative activity of myeloma cells. We analyzed bone marrow biopsy specimens obtained from 59 patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma. Expression of cyclin D1 and p53 was analyzed using standard immunohistochemical method of B5-fixed and routinely processed paraffin-embedded bone marrow specimens. Cyclin D1 was overexpressed in 14/59 (27%) and p53 in 5/59 (8.5%) specimens. There was no significant correlation between cyclin D1 overexpression and age, gender, clinical stage (Durie-Salmon classification), extent of osteolytic lesions, type of monoclonal protein, hemoglobin concentration, platelet count, serum concentration of creatinine, calcium, C-reactive protein, and beta2-microglobulin. No association was observed between the expression of cyclin D1 and the extent of bone marrow infiltration, histological grade, proliferative activity index (measured with Ki-67 immunoreactivity) and response to therapy. No significant difference was observed regarding overall survival between cyclin D1 positive and cyclin D1 negative patients (29 vs 36 mo, p = 0.76). Results of this study did not revealed prognostic significance of cyclin D1 overexpression in multiple myeloma. Mutations of p53 gene are rare events in myeloma, suggesting their limited role in the pathogenesis of the disease.

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