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Clin Genet. 2004 Jan;65(1):32-9.

Cytogenetic and molecular analysis of a family with three brothers afflicted with germ-cell cancer.

Author information

1
Department of Growth & Reproduction, Julianne Marie Center, University Hospital of Copenhagen, Blegdamsveg, Denmark.

Abstract

A thorough cytogenetic investigation and an analysis of detailed questionnaires were performed in a family with three brothers afflicted with germ-cell tumors (GCTs), in an attempt to detect a congenital factor related either to a hereditary genetic background or an environmental/lifestyle influence. One brother had an intracranial tumor in the pineal region and the two others had testicular tumors. Peripheral blood was studied by traditional karyotyping, multicolor-FISH, high-resolution comparative genomic hybridization (HR-CGH), and molecular analysis of selected loci on sex chromosomes (Yq11 region, TSPY, and the androgen receptor gene); however, no abnormalities were detected. The HR-CGH analysis of microdissected histological components of the overt tumors and the adjacent carcinoma in situ demonstrated a pattern of genomic imbalances characteristic for sporadic GCTs, including gain of 12p. The questionnaire and interview revealed a history of different cancers in the extended family, and a possible in utero and/or infantile exposure of the three brothers with GCTs to compounds suspected of endocrine-disrupting properties. Although no genetic aberration was detected in this family, we suspect the presence of a recessive hereditary factor pre-disposing to cancer, which probably was manifested as GCTs in the three brothers because of an adverse effect of an environmental factor on the early germ-cell differentiation.

PMID:
15032972
DOI:
10.1111/j..2004.00180.x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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