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Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2004 Mar;3(3):215-25.

Enfuvirtide: the first therapy to inhibit the entry of HIV-1 into host CD4 lymphocytes.

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Trimeris Inc., 4727 University Drive, Durham, North Carolina 27707, USA.


Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) based on combinations of drugs that target key enzymes in the life-cycle of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) has considerably reduced morbidity and mortality from HIV infection since its introduction in the mid-1990s. However, the growing problem of the emergence of HIV strains that are resistant not only to individual drugs, but to whole drug classes, means that agents with new mechanisms of action are needed. Here, we describe the discovery and development of enfuvirtide (Fuzeon), the first drug to inhibit the entry of HIV-1 into host cells.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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