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Immunity. 2004 Mar;20(3):327-36.

B7-H1 determines accumulation and deletion of intrahepatic CD8(+) T lymphocytes.

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Department of Immunology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, MN 55905, USA.


Upon systemic activation by antigens, CD8(+), but not CD4(+), T cells selectively accumulate and undergo apoptosis in the liver, a mechanism associated with the induction of hepatic tolerance and chronic infection. The molecular basis for CD8(+) T cell preference in this process is unknown. We prepared B7-H1-deficient mice by gene targeting and found spontaneous accumulation of CD8(+) T cells in the liver while CD4(+) T cell levels remained normal. Moreover, antigen-driven CD8(+) T cells proliferated normally while apoptotic levels during the contraction phase was selectively impaired in the liver, leading to accelerated hepatocyte damage in experimental autoimmune hepatitis. Therefore, B7-H1 is a key protein selectively regulating the accumulation and deletion of intrahepatic CD8(+) T cells and may also contribute to inflammation, autoimmune diseases, and tolerance in the liver.

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