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Int J Impot Res. 2004 Dec;16(6):479-85.

A comparative study of sildenafil, NCX-911 and BAY41-2272 on the anococcygeus muscle of diabetic rats.

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1
Wolfson Institute for Biomedical Research, University College London, Gower Street, Cruciform Building, London, UK.

Abstract

We compared the effects of a nitric oxide (NO)-releasing sildenafil (NCX-911), NO-independent soluble guanylate cyclase activator (BAY41-2272) and sildenafil on the anococcygeus muscle from streptozotocin-induced 16-weeks diabetic rats. NCX-911, BAY41-2272 and sildenafil reduced the phenylephrine-induced tone in the control group (EC50=1088.8+/-165.0, 151.6+/-9.3 and 827.1+/-167.3 nM, respectively). The potencies of NCX-911 and BAY41-2272 were not altered, but that of sildenafil was significantly reduced in the diabetic group. EC50 values for NCX-911, BAY41-2272 and sildenafil in the diabetic group were 1765.9+/-303.5, 209.7+/-27.3 and 2842.2+/-640.3 nM, respectively (P<0.05 for sildenafil). Nitrergic relaxation responses were significantly decreased in the diabetic group. The remaining nitrergic relaxation responses were potentiated by BAY41-2272 but not by sildenafil or NCX-911. These results confirm that endogenous NO derived from nitrergic nerves is significantly decreased in diabetes, and suggest that NO-releasing PDE5 inhibitors and NO-independent soluble guanylate cyclase activators could be more useful than PDE5 inhibitors in the treatment of ED in long-term diabetes.

PMID:
15029225
DOI:
10.1038/sj.ijir.3901224
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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