Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Biol Chem. 2004 Jun 11;279(24):25050-7. Epub 2004 Mar 17.

Cardiac-specific knock-out of lipoprotein lipase alters plasma lipoprotein triglyceride metabolism and cardiac gene expression.

Author information

  • 1Department of Medicine, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York 10032, USA.

Abstract

Fatty acids are the primary energy source for the heart. The heart acquires fatty acids associated with albumin or derived from lipoprotein lipase (LpL)-mediated hydrolysis of lipoprotein triglyceride (TG). We generated heart-specific LpL knock-out mice (hLpL0) to determine whether cardiac LpL modulates the actions of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors and affects whole body lipid metabolism. Male hLpL0 mice had significantly elevated plasma TG levels and decreased clearance of postprandial lipids despite normal postheparin plasma LpL activity. Very large density lipoprotein-TG uptake was decreased by 72% in hLpL0 hearts. However, heart uptake of albumin-bound free fatty acids was not altered. Northern blot analysis revealed a decrease in the expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha-response genes involved in fatty acid beta-oxidation. Surprisingly, the expression of glucose transporters 1 and 4 and insulin receptor substrate 2 was increased and that of pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase 4 and insulin receptor substrate 1 was reduced. Basal glucose uptake was increased markedly in hLpL0 hearts. Thus, the loss of LpL in the heart leads to defective plasma metabolism of TG. Moreover, fatty acids derived from lipoprotein TG and not just albumin-associated fatty acids are important for cardiac lipid metabolism and gene regulation.

PMID:
15028738
DOI:
10.1074/jbc.M401028200
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Support Center