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J Biol Chem. 2004 Jun 4;279(23):24297-306. Epub 2004 Mar 17.

Identification, expression, function, and localization of a novel (sixth) isoform of the human sarco/endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ATPase 3 gene.

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INSERM U.348, IFR6 Circulation Lariboisière, Hôpital Lariboisière, 8 Rue Guy Patin, 75475 Paris Cedex 10, France.


Understanding of Ca(2+) signaling requires the knowledge of proteins involved in this process. Among these proteins are sarco/endoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPases (SERCAs) that pump Ca(2+) into the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Recently, the human SERCA3 gene was shown to give rise to five isoforms (SERCA3a-e (h3a-h3e)). Here we demonstrate the existence of an additional new member, termed SERCA3f (h3f). By reverse transcriptase-PCR using monocytic U937 cell RNA, h3f mRNA was found to exclude the antepenultimate exon 21. h3f mRNA expression appeared as a human-specific splice variant. It was not found in rats or mice. h3f mRNA gave rise to an h3f protein differing in its C terminus from h3a-h3e. Of particular interest, h3f diverged in the first amino acids after the first splice site but presented the same last 21 amino acids as h3b. Consequently, we further investigated the structure-function-location relationships of the h3b and h3f isoforms. Comparative functional study of h3b and h3f recombinant proteins in intact HEK-293 cells and in fractionated membranes showed the following distinct characteristics: (i) resting cytosolic Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)](c)) and (ii) ER Ca(2+) content ([Ca(2+)](er)); similar characteristics were shown for the following: (i) the effects of the SERCA inhibitor, thapsigargin, on Ca(2+) release ([Ca(2+)](Tg)) and subsequent Ca(2+) entry ([Ca(2+)](e)) and (ii) the low apparent Ca(2+) affinity and the enhanced rate of dephosphorylation of the E(2)P phosphoenzyme intermediate. Subcellular location of h3b and h3f by immunofluorescence and/or confocal microscopy using the h3b- and h3f-specific polyclonal and the pan-h3 monoclonal (PL/IM430) antibodies suggested overlapping but distinct ER location. The endogenous expression of h3f protein was also proved in U937 cells. Altogether these data suggest that the SERCA3 isoforms have a more widespread role in cellular Ca(2+) signaling than previously appreciated.

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