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J Colloid Interface Sci. 2004 Apr 15;272(2):262-70.

Modeling Pb(II) adsorption onto sandy loam soil.

Author information

1
Department of Civil Engineering, I-Shou University, Da-Shu Shiang, Kaohsiung County 84008, Taiwan. chweng@isu.edu.tw

Abstract

The adsorption of Pb(II) onto hydrous sandy loam soil was investigated with batch equilibrium adsorption experiments. Results show that the amount of Pb(II) adsorbed increases with increasing pH and surface loading. It was demonstrated that the surface acidity of the soil could be determined using electrophoretic mobility measurements. The surface acidity constants, pK(a1)(int) and pK(a2)(int), were 1.57 and 3.43, respectively. A surface complex formation model (SCFM) was employed to describe the adsorption. The intrinsic stability constants, pK(i)(s), for the surface reaction between the Pb species and the ionized soil surface hydroxyl groups were determined from SCFM fitting. The adsorption free energy of Pb2+ and Pb(OH)+ ions ranges from -5.74 to -6.48 kcal/mol and from -9.68 to -10.00 kcal/mol, respectively, for surface loadings between 1.21 x 10(-5) and 2.41 x 10(-4) mol/g. The adsorption binding calculation indicated that the specific chemical interaction is the major mechanism responsible for the adsorption process.

PMID:
15028485
DOI:
10.1016/j.jcis.2003.11.051
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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