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Bioorg Med Chem. 2004 Apr 1;12(7):1769-79.

Synthesis and biological activity of 2-alkylated deoxyadenosine bisphosphate derivatives as P2Y(1) receptor antagonists.

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  • 1Laboratoire de Pharmacochimie de la Communication Cellulaire (CNRS, UMR 7081), Facult√© de Pharmacie, Universit√© Louis Pasteur, 74 route du Rhin, BP24, 67401 Illkirch cedex, France.


A previous study around adenine nucleotides afforded the reference N(6)-methyl-2'-deoxyadenosine-3',5'-bisphosphate (1a, MRS 2179) as a selective human P2Y(1) receptor antagonist (pA(2)=6.55+/-0.05) with antithrombotic properties. In the present paper, we have synthesized and tested in vitro various 2-substituted derivatives with the goal of exploring the 2-position binding region and developing more potent P2Y(1) receptor antagonists. Thus, we have adopted a novel and versatile chemical pathway using a palladium-catalyzed cross-coupling reaction with the 2-iodinated derivative 7 as a common intermediate for a very efficient synthesis of the 2-alkyl-N(6)-methyl-2'-deoxyadenosine-3',5'-bisphosphate nucleotides 1e-i. The biological activity was evaluated through the ability of compounds to inhibit ADP-induced platelet aggregation, intracellular calcium rise and to displace the specific binding of [(33)P]2-MeSADP. 2-Ethyl and 2-propyl groups appeared to be tolerated, whereas a bulky group or a C(3) linear substituent dramatically decreased potency of antagonists. The 2-ethynyl derivative 1h (pA(2)=7.54+/-0.10) was significantly more potent (10-fold) as an antagonist when compared to the reference 1a, revealing a potential electronic interaction highly favorable between triple bond orbitals and the P2Y(1) receptor at this position.

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