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J Control Release. 2004 Mar 24;95(3):391-402.

Design of a novel hydrogel-based intelligent system for controlled drug release.

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Department of Chemical Engineering, The Ohio State University, 140 W. 19th Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210, USA.


The present work focused on the design of an assembled drug delivery system (DDS) to provide multifunctions, such as drug protection, self-regulated oscillatory release, and targeted uni-directional delivery by a bilayered self-folding gate and simple surface mucoadhesion. In this device, a pH-sensitive hydrogel together with a poly(hydroxyethyl methacrylate) (HEMA) barrier was used as a gate to control drug release. In addition, poly(HEMA) coated with poly(ethylene oxide)/poly(propylene oxide)/poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO-PPO-PEO) surfactant was utilized to enhance mucoadhesion on the device surface. The release profiles of two model drugs, acid orange 8 (AO8) and bovine serum albumin (BSA) were studied in this assembled system, which compared with the conventional drug-entrapped carriers and enteric-coating systems. Furthermore, targeted uni-directional release was demonstrated in a side-by-side diffusion cell. In conclusion, for such an assembled device, the poly(HEMA) layer not only affects the folding direction but also serves as a barrier to protect the model drugs. The release time can be controlled by the thickness of the bilayered gate and the drug reservoir. Due to the reversible swelling behavior of poly(methyacrylic acid-g-ethylene glycol) (p(MAA-g-EG)) gels, the bilayered gate can sense the environmental pH change and achieve an oscillatory release pattern. Moreover, the local targeting and uni-directional release have been successfully demonstrated in vitro.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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