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J Calif Dent Assoc. 2004 Feb;32(2):133-41.

The esthetic correction of anterior dental mal-alignment conventional vs. instant (restorative) orthodontics.

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Seattle Institute for Advanced Dental Education, Wash, USA.


Creating a flow sheet may assist in the decision whether to use conventional orthodontics and what the limitations of treating the patient will be if treatment is performed without any orthodontics. The decision process can be viewed as a series of questions, and depending upon the answer to the questions, the practitioner and patient can decide on whether to involve orthodontics or not. Questions can create a framework to help separate the patients who would benefit from orthodontic intervention from those we all enjoy treating who can be managed with purely restorative care.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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