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Arthritis Rheum. 2004 Mar;50(3):892-900.

Anti-DFS70 antibodies in 597 healthy hospital workers.

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1
Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya, Japan.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Autoantibodies against DFS70 (dense fine speckles 70) antigen (also known as lens epithelium-derived growth factor) have been recently identified among the antinuclear antibodies (ANAs) in patients with atopic disorders. We undertook this study to examine the frequency of anti-DFS70 antibodies in a large number of healthy people.

METHODS:

Sera of 597 healthy individuals working in a hospital (142 men, 455 women) were analyzed for ANAs and for anti-DFS70 antibodies by indirect immunofluorescence (IIF) with HEp-2 cells as a substrate and by immunoblotting using DFS70 recombinant protein and whole HeLa cell extract.

RESULTS:

ANAs were present in 20% of all individuals by IIF. Nine percent of subjects were ANA positive at a serum dilution of 1:40, 4.0% at 1:80, 5.5% at 1:160, 1.0% at 1:320, and 0.3% at 1:640. There were 64 anti-DFS70 antibody-positive individuals. Surprisingly, this was 11% of the whole population and 54% of the ANA-positive population. The percentage of female anti-DFS70 antibody-positive subjects (86%; 55 of 64 subjects) was higher than the percentage of female anti-DFS70 antibody-negative subjects (75%; 398 of 533 subjects) (P < 0.05). The prevalence of anti-DFS70 antibody-positive sera decreased with increasing age (P = 0.0017).

CONCLUSION:

Considering that anti-DFS70 antibody positivity is rare in patients with systemic autoimmune diseases, introducing the anti-DFS70 antibody examination as a screening test for ANA-positive persons could be used to rule out systemic autoimmune diseases, resulting in considerable cost-saving potential. In addition, this test defines a subpopulation of healthy people in whom long-term followup might reveal health-related implications of this finding, since anti-DFS70 antibodies have been shown to be associated with some illnesses.

PMID:
15022332
DOI:
10.1002/art.20096
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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