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Menopause. 2004 Mar-Apr;11(2):176-9.

A one-year follow-up on the effects of raloxifene on thyroid function in postmenopausal women.

Author information

1
Department of Internal Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University of Parma, Parma, Italy. ceresini@unipr.it

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Estrogens increase serum thyroxine-binding globulin (TBG) and total thyroxine (TT4) concentrations. Serum free thyroxine (FT4) concentrations, however, remain normal. Raloxifene (RAL) is a selective estrogen receptor modulator used to treat postmenopausal osteoporosis. Data on the long-term effects of RAL on thyroid physiology are scanty. We evaluated the effects of RAL administration for 1 year on thyroid function in osteopenic, postmenopausal women.

DESIGN:

Fifty osteopenic, postmenopausal women were randomly assigned to receive either RAL (60 mg/day, n = 25) or placebo (PL, n = 25) for 1 year, in a double-blind study. Measurements of serum TBG, TT4, FT4, thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), thyroid hormone-binding ratio (THBR), FT4 index (FT4-I) and TT4/TBG ratio were carried out at baseline and after 4 and 12 months of therapy.

RESULTS:

Baseline values were similar in both treatment groups. Serum TBG concentrations were increased during RAL treatment from baseline values of 29.60 +/- 0.9 microg/mL to 31.45 +/- 1.33 and 32.34 +/- 1.37 microg/mL at 4 months and 1 year, respectively (P < 0.05, baseline v 1-year values) but were unchanged during PL treatment. A small, insignificant increase in TT4 and TSH concentrations occurred in the RAL group and no changes in the PL group. All other values were unchanged during either treatment.

CONCLUSIONS:

These results demonstrate that RAL significantly increased serum TBG levels, but the changes were small and not accompanied by changes in FT4-I, FT4, or TSH concentrations, suggesting that long-term RAL treatment is unlikely to clinically affect the thyroid status in euthyroid, postmenopausal women.

PMID:
15021447
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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