Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Haematologica. 2004 Mar;89(3):320-4.

Splenectomy in relapsing and plasma-refractory acquired thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura.

Author information

  • 1Central Hematology Laboratory, Inselspital, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES:

Acquired thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) is often due to autoantibodies inhibiting ADAMTS-13 activity resulting in impaired processing of very large von Willebrand factor multimers. TTP usually presents with an acute onset and a fulminant, sometimes fatal course. With appropriate treatment including plasma exchange, and fresh frozen plasma replacement, often supplemented by immuno-suppressive therapy, the acute episode generally resolves within days to weeks.

DESIGN AND METHODS:

We describe the clinical course of 3 patients with acquired TTP. One was refractory to PE, the other 2 relapsed after this treatment. All three were treated with splenectomy. ADAMTS-13 activity and inhibitor levels were monitored.

RESULTS:

ADAMTS-13 activity was initially < 5% in all 3 patients. After splenectomy the inhibitor against ADAMTS-13 disappeared rapidly in 2 patients and there was full recovery of ADAMTS-13 activity in all 3 patients.

INTERPRETATION AND CONCLUSIONS:

Splenectomy, by eliminating a source of pathogenic autoantibody production, can be a successful treatment for patients with relapsing or plasma-refractory acquired TTP due to autoantibody-mediated ADAMTS-13 deficiency.

PMID:
15020271
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk