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J Neuroimmunol. 2004 Apr;149(1-2):50-8.

Peripheral macrophage depletion reduces central nervous system parasitism and damage in Trypanosoma cruzi-infected suckling rats.

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Department of Morphology, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Av. Antonio Carlos, 6627, 31270.901 Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil.


We aim at investigating the role of blood born macrophages on the brain reaction to Trypanosoma cruzi infection in suckling rats. This infection provoked the appearance of numerous ED1(+) cells in the neural parenchyma and increased the amount of meningeal and perivascular ED2(+) macrophages. CD8(+) and NKR(+) cells also occurred. Parenchymal blood vessels showed strong ICAM-1 and decreased occludin immunoreactivities. Selective depletion of peripheral macrophages by clodronate liposomes decreased tissue parasitism, nodular lesions, ICAM-1 upregulation and leukocyte infiltration. Occludin immunoreactivity remained as in uninfected animals. Our results indicate a role for blood-born macrophages in both parasite invasion and brain reaction. Microglia activation cannot be discarded.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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