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Mol Cell Neurosci. 2004 Feb;25(2):323-33.

Hedgehog interacting protein in the mature brain: membrane-associated and soluble forms.

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Laboratoire de Neurobiologie Cellulaire et Mol├ęculaire, Gif-sur-Yvette, France.


Hedgehog interacting protein (Hip) is considered as a membrane protein implicated in sequestering the hedgehog (hh) morphogens during embryonic development. Here, we demonstrate that Hip transcription also occurs in cells scattered in discrete brain areas of adult rodents and we identify the presence of membrane-associated and soluble forms of Hip in the mature brain. Moreover, we show that soluble forms of Hip, present in the conditioned medium of HEK293 cells overexpressing Hip, inhibit Sonic hedgehog (Shh)-induced differentiation of C3H10T1/2 cells, a well-characterised response associated with Shh signalling. After transfection in HEK293 cells, Hip partitions with the raft component ganglioside GM1 during density gradient centrifugation. Analysis of tagged Hip constructs reveals that the putative transmembrane domain of Hip is not cleaved suggesting that other mechanisms are implicated in the release of its soluble forms. Taken together, these data are consistent with the involvement of both membrane-associated and soluble Hip in the regulation of Shh signalling in adult neural tissues.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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