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Vet Microbiol. 2004 Apr 5;99(2):145-58.

Characterisation of bovine strains of Pasteurella multocida and comparison with isolates of avian, ovine and porcine origin.

Author information

1
Division of Infection and Immunity, Institute of Biomedical and Life Sciences, Joseph Black Building, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8QQ, UK. r.l.davies@bio.gla.ac.uk

Erratum in

  • Vet Microbiol. 2005 Jan 31;105(2):157.

Abstract

One hundred and fifty-three bovine Pasteurella multocida strains recovered primarily from cases of pneumonia and mastitis in England and Wales over an 11-year period were characterised by capsular PCR typing, comparison of outer membrane protein (OMP) profiles, and multilocus sequence analysis. All of the strains were of capsular type A with the exception of a single capsular type F isolate. Thirteen distinct OMP profiles (OMP-types) were identified based mainly on molecular mass heterogeneity of the heat-modifiable (OmpA) and porin (OmpH) proteins. However, 85% of the isolates were represented by just five OMP-types and 39% of the strains were of a single OMP-type. Multilocus sequence analysis revealed a limited degree of genetic diversity among bovine P. multocida isolates; strains of the same OMP-type have identical genetic backgrounds and represent distinct clones. Analysis of OMP variation was more discriminating than multilocus sequence analysis because strains of different OMP-types had the same, or similar, genetic backgrounds. The association of a small number of clones with the majority of cases of bovine pneumonia suggests that these clones have an increased capacity to cause disease compared to less frequently recovered clones. Molecular mass heterogeneity of OmpA and OmpH, in strains of the same or similar genetic background, suggests that these proteins are subject to diversifying selection within the host and might play important roles in host-pathogen interactions. Comparison of the OMP profiles of bovine isolates with those of avian, ovine and porcine strains showed that a high proportion of the respiratory tract infections in each of these species are caused by different strains of P. multocida. However, the presence of small numbers of closely related strains in more than one host species suggests that transmission of bacteria between different host species is also a factor in the population biology of P. multocida.

PMID:
15019106
DOI:
10.1016/j.vetmic.2003.11.013
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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