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Eur J Pharm Biopharm. 2004 Mar;57(2):313-8.

Enhanced paclitaxel bioavailability after oral administration of paclitaxel or prodrug to rats pretreated with quercetin.

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1
College of Pharmacy, Chosun University, Gwangju, South Korea. jsachoi@chosun.ac.kr

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of quercetin on the bioavailability of paclitaxel after the oral administration of paclitaxel or a prodrug to rats pretreated with quercetin. Paclitaxel (40 mg/kg) and prodrug (280 mg/kg, 40 mg/kg as the paclitaxel) were administered orally to rats pretreated with quercetin (2, 10, 20 mg/kg). The plasma concentrations of paclitaxel pretreated with quercetin were increased significantly (P < 0.01 for paclitaxel; P < 0.05 for prodrug) compared to the control. The areas under the plasma concentration-time curve (AUC) and the peak concentrations (Cmax) of paclitaxel pretreated with quercetin were significantly higher (P < 0.01) than the control. The half-life (t(1/2)) and mean residence times were significantly (P < 0.05) longer compared to the control. The absolute bioavailability (AB%) of paclitaxel pretreated with quercetin was significantly higher (P < 0.01) than the control. The AUC of paclitaxel after administration of the prodrug to rats pretreated with quercetin was significantly (P < 0.05) higher than the prodrug control. The relative bioavailability of paclitaxel after administration of the prodrug to rats pretreated with quercetin was 1.25- to 2.02-fold higher than the prodrug control. The AB% of paclitaxel was increased significantly (P < 0.05) by quercetin from 8.0 to 10.1 and 16.2%. The bioavailability of paclitaxel administered as a prodrug with or without pretreatment of quercetin was remarkably higher than the control. AUC, AB% and Cmax of paclitaxel after administration of the paclitaxel or prodrug pretreated with quercetin for 3 days were much higher than those administered after 20 min. It might have resulted from the physicochemical properties of the prodrug, which is a water-soluble compound and passes through the gastrointestinal mucosa more easily than paclitaxel without obstruction of P-gp and cytochrome P-450 in the gastrointestinal mucosa. It seems that the development of oral paclitaxel preparations as a prodrug or with quercetin is feasible, which is more convenient than the i.v. dosage forms.

PMID:
15018990
DOI:
10.1016/j.ejpb.2003.11.002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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