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J Urol. 2004 Apr;171(4):1615-9; discussion 1619.

Attitudes of adult 46, XY intersex persons to clinical management policies.

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New York State Psychiatric Institute and Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University, New York, New York, USA.



We surveyed a clinic sample of adult 46,XY intersex patients regarding attitudes to clinical management policies.


All adult former patients of 1 pediatric endocrine clinic in the eastern United States whose addresses could be obtained and who consented to participation were surveyed by a comprehensive written followup questionnaire. Three questions on attitudes concerning the desirability of a third gender category and the age at which genital surgery should be done were presented in the context of ratings of satisfaction with gender, genital status and sexual functioning.


A total of 72 English speaking patients with 46,XY, including 32 men and 40 women 18 to 60 years old, completed the questionnaire. The majority of respondents stated that they were mainly satisfied with being the assigned gender, did not have a time in life when they felt unsure about gender, did not agree to a third gender policy, did not think that the genitals looked unusual (although the majority of men rated their penis as too small), were somewhat or mainly satisfied with sexual functioning, did not agree that corrective genital surgery should be postponed to adulthood and stated that their genital surgeries should have been performed before adulthood, although there were some significant and important differences among subgroups.


The majority of adult patients with intersexuality appeared to be satisfied with gender and genital status, and did not support major changes in the prevailing policy. However, a significant minority was dissatisfied and endorsed policy changes.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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