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Nervenarzt. 1992 Jul;63(7):409-15.

[Artificial diseases (self-induced diseases)--a review].

[Article in German]

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Klinik und Poliklinik für Psychosomatische Medizin und Psychotherapie, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz.


Factitious disorders have gained greater significance in all medical specialties during recent years, and continue to pose difficult problems. At present factitious disorders can be divided into four sub-types, the pretence and/or production of somatic and/or psychic medical symptoms being central to all. Apart from disturbance of ego structure the self and the body image (self) a specific disturbance of the doctor-patient relationship is of pathognomonic value. An integrated therapeutic approach (combination of palliative measures, somatic therapy and psychotherapy) seems to be most successful. In the differential diagnosis, factitious diseases have to be delineated from many other diseases in which self-destructive behaviour may occur.

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