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Cancer Sci. 2004 Mar;95(3):266-70.

Dephosphorylation of Bcl-2 by protein phosphatase 2A results in apoptosis resistance.

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1
Antibiotics Laboratory, Discovery Research Institute, RIKEN, 2-1 Hirosawa, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan.

Abstract

The anti-apoptotic protein, Bcl-2 was phosphorylated at the Ser-87 residue in normal human blood cells, while it was not phosphorylated in tumor cells. We identified protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) as a Bcl-2-associated phosphatase that is responsible for dephosphorylation of Bcl-2 in tumor cell lines. Treatment of the tumor cells with a PP2A inhibitor resulted in the appearance of Bcl-2 phosphorylation at Ser-87. This observation suggests that Bcl-2 is constitutively phosphorylated, but is immediately dephosphorylated by PP2A in tumors. Phosphorylation of Bcl-2 protein at the Ser-87 residue resulted in a reduction in anti-apoptotic function in human tumor cell lines. Thus, not only the expression level, but also the dephosphorylation status may have important implications for the oncogenic activity of Bcl-2.

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