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Mutat Res. 2004 Mar 22;547(1-2):101-7.

Correlation of sister chromatid exchange formation through homologous recombination with ribonucleotide reductase inhibition.

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Division of Medical Devices, National Institute of Health Sciences, 1-18-1 Kamiyoga, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo 158-8501, Japan.


We conducted the recombination and sister chromatid exchange (SCE) assays with five chemicals (hydroxyurea (HU), resveratrol, 4-hydroxy-trans-stilbene, 3-hydroxy-trans-stilbene, and mitomycin C) in Chinese hamster cell line SPD8/V79 to confirm directly that SCE is a result of homologous recombination (HR). SPD8 has a partial duplication in exon 7 of the endogenous hprt gene and can revert to wild type by homologous recombination. All chemicals were positive in both assays except for 3-hydroxy-trans-stilbene, which was negative in both. HU, resveratrol, and 4-hydroxy-trans-stilbene were scavengers of the tyrosyl free radical of the R2 subunit of mammalian ribonucleotide reductase. Tyrosyl free radical scavengers disturb normal DNA replication, causing replication fork arrest. Mitomycin C is a DNA cross-linking agent that also causes replication fork arrest. The present study suggests that replication fork arrest, which is similar to the early phases of HR, leads to a high frequency of recombination, resulting in SCEs. The findings show that SCE may be mediated by HR.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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