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Int Endod J. 2004 Mar;37(3):185-92.

Role of substance P and calcitonin gene-related peptide in the regulation of interleukin-8 and monocyte chemotactic protein-1 expression in human dental pulp.

Author information

1
Division of Associated Clinical Specialties, Section of Endodontics, UCLA School of Dentistry, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1668, USA.

Abstract

AIM:

To determine whether leucocyte infiltration during neurogenic inflammation in the pulp is regulated by neuropeptides via inducing the release of proinflammatory chemokines interleukin-8 (IL-8) and monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1) from human dental pulp.

METHODOLOGY:

Cultured primary pulp cells and pulp tissue explants were stimulated with substance P (SP) and/or calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP). IL-8 or MCP-1, secreted from cultured cells or produced in pulp explants, was analysed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.

RESULTS:

Substance P induced IL-8 secretion from cultured pulp cells (approximately threefold increase over control, P < 0.05) and from pulp tissue explants (two- to three fold). SP only minimally to moderately induced MCP-1 (approximately two fold) in cultured pulp cells. While MCP-1 induction in cultured pulp cells was detected after 24 h of SP stimulation, no induction was observed in pulp tissue. CGRP did not induce IL-8, but moderately increased MCP-1 production (approximately three fold) in cultured pulp cells. There was no synergistic induction of MCP-1 by SP plus CGRP stimulation of pulp cells.

CONCLUSIONS:

Substance P is a stronger inducer of IL-8 production in dental pulp than CGRP. IL-8 is more strongly induced than MCP-1 by SP, suggesting a more important role for IL-8 than MCP-1 in leucocyte infiltration during neurogenic inflammation in dental pulp.

PMID:
15009408
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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