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Mayo Clin Proc. 2004 Mar;79(3):327-31.

Teaching motivational interviewing to first-year medical students to improve counseling skills in health behavior change.

Author information

1
Division of General Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minn 55905, USA. poirier.maria@mayo.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To examine the effectiveness of motivational interviewing training on improving medical students' knowledge of and confidence in their ability to counsel patients regarding health behavior change.

SUBJECTS AND METHODS:

In the spring of 2002, 42 first-year medical students participated in a counseling course on health behavior change. Three small groups focused on learning and practicing motivational interviewing techniques using brief lectures, interactive class activities, student role-plays, and simulated patients. Students completed an identical precourse and postcourse questionnaire that measured their confidence and knowledge regarding counseling skills in health behavior change.

RESULTS:

The medical students reported improved confidence in their understanding of motivational interviewing after participation in the course (very confident, 77%) compared with before the course (very confident, 2%). Each of the 8 confidence items were compared before and after the course using a signed rank test. All comparisons indicated a significant improvement (P < .001) in confidence. Regarding knowledge-based questions, students showed significant improvement; 31% of students answered all the questions correctly before the course, and 56% answered all the questions correctly after the course (P = .004).

CONCLUSION:

These results show that teaching motivational interviewing techniques to first-year medical students can enhance student confidence in and knowledge of providing counseling to patients regarding health behavior change.

PMID:
15008606
DOI:
10.4065/79.3.327
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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