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J Infect Dis. 1992 Sep;166(3):646-9.

Seroepidemiology of Chlamydia pneumoniae TWAR infection in Seattle families, 1966-1979.

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Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle 98195.


Incidence rates of Chlamydia pneumoniae infection and information on reinfection and transmission within families were obtained by serologic study of serum samples from prospective family studies conducted 1966-1979. Specimens (n = 3671) from 343 subjects in 68 families were tested for TWAR antibody using the microimmunofluorescence assay. Acute infection was defined as a fourfold rise in antibody titer between consecutive specimens. Sixty-four episodes of infection were identified in 58 persons; 4 had 2 infections and 1 had 3. From late 1975 until early 1979, when 3 serum specimens were collected yearly, rates of infection by age groups 0-4, 5-9, 10-14, 15-19, and greater than or equal to 20 years were 0, 9.2, 6.2, 2.2, and 1.5/100 person-years, respectively. Reinfections, defined as infections in persons with previous antibody, constituted most acute infections among adults. Acute infections more often affected a single family member than multiple members, but 2 or 3 family members were infected during the same period 12 times.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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