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J Infect Dis. 1992 Sep;166(3):620-2.

Concordance of human immunodeficiency virus detection by polymerase chain reaction and by serologic assays in a Dutch cohort of seronegative homosexual men.

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Central Laboratory of the Netherlands Red Cross Blood Transfusion Service, Amsterdam.


In three subgroups of a clinically and socially well defined group of Dutch homosexual men, the prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) sequences in seronegative blood samples was studied using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR). In 19 seronegative partners of seropositive persons, no HIV-1 sequences were found by PCR in either early (1984/1985) or more recent (1987) samples. In 42 seronegative persons selected by their high risk for HIV-1 infection, none harbored HIV-1 sequences in either early (1985/1986) or late (1989) samples. In 15 people who seroconverted for HIV-1, only 2 samples collected 3 months before seroconversion were PCR-positive. These persons were also HIV antigen-positive at this time. These data suggest that a latent infection greater than 6 months does not occur and that the combination of HIV antibody and HIV antigen tests is appropriate and conclusive in most cases of HIV-1 infection.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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