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Neurobiol Dis. 2004 Mar;15(2):371-9.

RNA editing (R/G site) and flip-flop splicing of the AMPA receptor subunit GluR2 in nervous tissue of epilepsy patients.

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1
Institute of Physiology, University Münster, 48149 Münster, Germany.

Abstract

Editing and alternative splicing of mRNA are posttranscriptional steps probably involved in pathophysiological aspects of epilepsy. The present study analyses the alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionate (AMPA) receptor subunit GluR2 with respect to the expression of (i) editing at the R/G site and (ii) flip-flop cassettes. Nervous tissue from patients with temporal lobe epilepsy was analysed by RT-PCR followed by restriction enzyme assays. Human autoptic tissue served as control. R/G editing status: the relative amount of edited RNA was significantly increased in the hippocampal tissue, whereas no changes were found in neocortical tissues. Flip-flop expression: no significant alterations were found in relative abundance of spliced variants containing the flip exon. The increased editing at the R/G site in the hippocampal tissue of epilepsy patients may enhance responses to glutamate, resulting in a synapse operating at an increased gain.

PMID:
15006707
DOI:
10.1016/j.nbd.2003.11.006
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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