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Psychiatry Res. 2004 Feb 15;125(2):161-70.

Predicting borderline and antisocial personality disorder features in nonclinical subjects using measures of impulsivity and aggressiveness.

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Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy Unit, Faculty of Psychology, 'Vita Salute' San Raffaele University, via Stamira D'Ancona, 20, 20127, Milan, Italy.


This study examines impulsivity and aggressiveness dimensions as predictors of borderline (BPD) and antisocial (ASPD) personality disorder symptoms in nonclinical subjects. A total of 747 undergraduate university students were administered the Personality Diagnostic Questionnaire-4+, the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale-11, and the Buss-Durkee Hostility Inventory. Hierarchical regression analysis showed that motor impulsiveness, irritability, resentment, and guilt predicted BPD symptoms among university students after controlling for the effect of ASPD and depressive symptoms. ASPD symptoms were predicted by motor impulsiveness, physical aggression, indirect aggression, and negativism. These results indicate that in nonclinical subjects BPD and ASPD symptoms share a common impulsivity dimension but are linked to different aggressiveness facets.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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