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Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2004 Mar 22;14(6):1503-7.

Structure-activity relationships of a novel class of endothelin receptor selective antagonists; 6-carboxy-2-isopropylamino-5,7-diarylcyclopenteno[1,2-b]pyridines.

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Banyu Tsukuba Research Institute in collaboration with Merck Research Laboratories, Okubo-3, Tsukuba 300-2611, Ibaraki, Japan.


The synthesis and structure-activity relationships of 6-carboxy-2-isopropylamino-5,7-diarylcyclopenteno[1,2-b]pyridine class of ET(A) receptor selective antagonists were described. These derivatives were prepared from the optically active key intermediates (3, 4, 10, and 13). Optimization of the substituent at the 2-position of the bottom 4-methoxyphenyl ring of the lead compound 1 led to identification of 2-hydroxy-1-methylethoxy (2g and h), hydroxyalkyl (2i, m, and p), 3-methoxy-2-methylpropyl (2t and u), N-acetyl-N-methylaminomethyl (2v), and 2-(dimethylcarbamoyl)propyl (2w) derivatives that showed greater than 1000-fold selectivity for the ET(A) receptor over the ET(B) receptor with excellent binding affinity (IC(50)<0.10 nM). Further screening of these compounds by assessing the plasma exposures at 1 h, 4 h, and 8 h after oral administration (3 or 10 mg/kg) in rats led to identification of the hydroxymethyl (2i) and 3-methoxy-2-methylpropyl (2u) derivatives exhibiting good oral bioavailability in rats.

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