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Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2004 Apr;83(4):335-40.

Mild gestational hyperglycemia, the metabolic syndrome and adverse neonatal outcomes.

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1
Department of Internal Medicine, University of Turin, Turin, Italy. sbo@molinette.piemonte.it

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome and its effect on neonatal outcomes in pregnancies with different degrees of hyperglycemia.

METHODS:

One hundred and fifty women with gestational diabetes, 100 with one abnormal value on the oral glucose tolerance test, 100 with a normal oral glucose challenge test and 350 with an abnormal challenge test and normal tolerance test were enrolled.

RESULTS:

The prevalence of the metabolic syndrome was: 0%, 4.9%, 20% and 18% in the normal challenge test, abnormal challenge and normal tolerance test, one abnormal value and gestational diabetes patients, respectively. Offspring birth weights, prevalence of large-for-gestational age babies and icterus were significantly higher in women with an abnormal challenge test (both with a normal tolerance test or one abnormal value or gestational diabetes). Metabolic syndrome was the best predictor of the presence of large-for-gestational age babies in patients with an abnormal challenge and normal tolerance test (OR = 3.15), one abnormal value (OR = 3.53) and gestational diabetes (OR = 4.15).

CONCLUSIONS:

Metabolic syndrome in mid-pregnancy was an independent predictor of macrosomia in women with any degree of gestational hyperglycemia; the oral glucose challenge test identifies pregnancies with metabolic abnormalities and adverse neonatal outcomes also in the presence of a normal oral glucose tolerance test.

PMID:
15005779
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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