Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Genes Cells. 2004 Mar;9(3):219-32.

Involvement of BREK, a serine/threonine kinase enriched in brain, in NGF signalling.

Author information

  • 1Department of Oncology, Institute of Medical Science, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.


We identified AATYK2 (Apoptosis-Associated Tyrosine Kinase 2) through a database search as a kinase specifically expressed in the brain. After characterization, we renamed it BREK (Brain-Enriched Kinase). Mouse BREK mRNA is expressed predominantly in brain, especially in olfactory bulb, olfactory tubercle, hippocampus, striatum, cerebellum, and cerebral cortex. Levels of expression and phosphorylation of BREK were high at 0-2 weeks after birth, suggesting that BREK is involved in neural development and functions during the early postnatal period. Phosphoamino acid analysis following in vitro kinase reaction revealed that BREK is a catalytically active, serine/threonine kinase. In PC12 cells, BREK was phosphorylated rapidly upon stimulation with nerve growth factor (NGF) in a protein kinase C-dependent pathway. In differentiated PC12 cells, BREK was enriched in cell bodies and growth cones, and also present along neurites. Introduction of a kinase-defective mutant of BREK into PC12 cells enhanced both ERK phosphorylation and neurite outgrowth in response to NGF, suggesting that BREK is a negative regulator of NGF-induced neuronal differentiation. Thus, we conclude that BREK is a new member of the family of protein serine/threonine kinases and that it plays important roles in NGF-TrkA signalling.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Wiley
    Loading ...
    Support Center