Send to

Choose Destination
FASEB J. 2004 Mar;18(3):480-8.

The effect of stress withdrawal on gene expression and certain biochemical and cell biological properties of peroxide-conditioned cell lines.

Author information

Department of Ophthalmology, College of Physicians & Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA.


Maturity onset cataract is a disease that afflicts >25% of the U.S. population over 65. Oxidative stress is believed to be a major factor in the development of this disease and peroxides are suspected to be prominent stressing agents. To elucidate mechanisms involved in the protection of cells against oxidative stress, immortal murine lens epithelial cells (alphaTN4-1) have been conditioned to survive lethal concentrations of either tertiary butyl hydroperoxide, TBOOH (a lipid peroxide prototype) (T cells), or H2O2 (H cells). It was found that T cells survived exposure to H2O2 but H cells were killed by TBOOH. In this communication, biological characteristics of the T cells are reported. It is shown that the T cell's ability to survive TBOOH is lost if the cells are grown in the absence of this peroxide (denoted as T- cells). By comparing the differential gene expression of 12,422 genes and ESTs from T and T- and the unconditioned control cells, 16 genes were found that may account for the loss of resistance to TBOOH. They include 5 glutathione-S-transferases, superoxide dismutase 1, zeta crystallin, a NADPH quinone reductase, as well as genes involved in detoxifying aldehydes, controlling iron metabolism, and degrading toxic lipoproteins.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Atypon
Loading ...
Support Center