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Cell Calcium. 2004 May;35(5):471-8.

Activation of protein kinase C reverses capsaicin-induced calcium-dependent desensitization of TRPV1 ion channels.

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Faculty of Pharmacy, Bldg. A 15, Science Road, University of Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia.


Ca2+ selective ion channels of vanilloid receptor subtype-1 (TRPV1) in capsaicin-sensitive dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons and TRPV1 transfected Chinese hamster ovarian (CHO) cells are desensitized following calcium-dependent tachyphylaxis induced by successive applications of 100 nM capsaicin. Tachyphylaxis of TRPV1 to 100 nM capsaicin stimuli was not observed in the absence of extracellular calcium. Capsaicin sensitivity of desensitized TRPV1 ion channels recovered on application of phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate (PMA). PMA-induced recovery of desensitized TRPV1 was primarily due to influx of extracellular calcium observed during re-application of capsaicin following desensitization. Capsazepine blocked the re-sensitization to capsaicin by PMA. Protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitory peptide PKC fragment 19-36 also inhibited re-sensitization to capsaicin by PMA. Reversal of capsaicin-induced desensitization by PMA was prevented by a mutation of TRPV1 where phosphorylation sites serine502 and serine800 were replaced with alanine. This study provides evidence for a role of PKC in reversing capsaicin-induced calcium-dependent desensitization of TRPV1 ion channels.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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