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Cell Death Differ. 2004 Jul;11(7):714-23.

Insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor signaling in 3T3-L1 adipocyte differentiation requires lipid rafts but not caveolae.

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State Key Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, 200031 China.


Previously, we have found that lipid rafts/caveolae were essential for insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) receptor signaling during 3T3-L1 preadipocytes differentiation induction. However, it was not identified as to which of the membrane lipid-ordered microdomains mediates the receptor signal. Using small double-stranded RNA-mediated interference (RNAi), we successfully suppressed the caveolin-1 protein expression. In cells stably transfected with vector expressing small interfering RNA (siRNA) fragment, no caveolin-1 protein or caveola was detected. On the other hand, removal of caveolin-1 did not affect the caveolinless lipid rafts or the localization of IGF-1 receptor in lipid rafts on plasma membrane. IGF-1 receptor signal transduction and induced cellular differentiation were normal in RNAi cells with only lipid rafts. Furthermore, these IGF-1 receptor signaling events were still sensitive to the cholesterol-binding reagents. Thus, our results suggest that lipid rafts are sufficient for IGF-1 receptor signaling and the recruitment of signal molecules by caveolin-1 is not essential for IGF-1 receptor signaling.

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