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Blood. 2004 Jul 1;104(1):115-22. Epub 2004 Mar 4.

Preventing restimulation of memory B cells in hemophilia A: a potential new strategy for the treatment of antibody-dependent immune disorders.

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Biomedical Therapeutics Research, Vienna, Austria.


Memory B cells are responsible for the rapidly emerging antibody response after antigen reexposure. The signals required for the restimulation of memory B cells have not been fully explained. We used a murine model of anti-factor VIII (FVIII) antibody responses in hemophilia A to study the requirements for the restimulation of FVIII-specific memory B cells and their differentiation into anti-FVIII antibody-producing cells. We were particularly interested in the significance of activated T cells and costimulatory interactions. Our results indicate that the restimulation of FVIII-specific memory B cells is strictly dependent on interactions with activated T cells. These activated T cells can be specific for either FVIII or third-party antigens. Restimulation by T cells specific for third-party antigens requires the presence of FVIII, indicating that signals induced by B-cell receptor (BCR) triggering and by interactions with activated T cells are important. The blockade of B7-1 or B7-2 as well as the blockade of CD40L inhibits the restimulation and differentiation of FVIII-specific memory B cells in vitro and in vivo. The interference with inducible costimulator-inducible costimulator ligand (ICOS-ICOSL) interactions, however, does not cause any modulation. As expected, the production of anti-FVIII antibodies by plasma cells is not dependent on any of the costimulatory interactions tested.

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