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Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2004 May 1;169(9):1022-7. Epub 2004 Mar 4.

Does oxidative stress alter quadriceps endurance in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease?

Author information

1
Laboratoire de Physiologie des Interactions, Service Central de Physiologie Clinique, Hôpital Arnaud de Villeneuve, 34295 Montpellier Cedex 5, France. christelle_koechlin@hotmail.com

Abstract

The role of exercise-induced oxidative stress in the reduced quadriceps endurance of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients has never been shown. We conducted a randomized, double-blind, and crossover study in which nine severe patients performed localized dynamic quadriceps endurance tests at 40% of maximal strength after oral treatment with the antioxidant, N-acetylcysteine (NAC), and placebo. Venous blood was sampled before, immediately after exercise, and 6 hours later. Endurance time improved by 25% after NAC treatment compared with placebo (p < 0.05). Superoxide anion (oxidant) release by stimulated phagocytes decreased after treatment (p < 0.05). No change in the antioxidant system was observed. Lipid peroxidation, an index of oxidative stress, was significantly increased 6 hours after exercise in the placebo condition (p < 0.05) but not after treatment. Advanced oxidized protein products, another index of oxidative stress, were also increased 6 hours after exercise by 139 +/- 27% in the placebo condition but only by 54 +/- 19% after treatment (p < 0.05). This study shows that NAC treatment in COPD reduced basal disturbance in the prooxidant system, improved endurance time, and prevented exercise-induced oxidative stress. Oxidative stress thus seems to be implicated in the reduced quadriceps endurance of patients with COPD.

PMID:
15001462
DOI:
10.1164/rccm.200310-1465OC
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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