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Semin Neonatol. 2003 Apr;8(2):137-45.

Health and hospitalistions after discharge in extremely low birth weight infants.

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Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, the Royal Women's Hospital, 132 Grattan Street, Carlton, Victoria 3053, Australia.


Apart from higher rates of mortality and adverse neurosensory outcome, extremely low birth weight (ELBW, birth weight 500-999 g) children have more hospital readmissions and other health problems in the early years after discharge than do normal birth weight (NBW, birth weight >2499 g) children. Respiratory illnesses, including lower respiratory infections, are the dominant cause for hospital readmission. ELBW survivors with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) have even more ill-health and hospital readmissions than do ELBW survivors without BPD. ELBW survivors require closer surveillance after discharge, not only for adverse neurosensory outcome, but also for other general health problems in early childhood.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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