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Med Phys. 2004 Feb;31(2):183-90.

Fluorescence-enhanced optical imaging of large phantoms using single and simultaneous dual point illumination geometries.

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Photon Migration Laboratory Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas 77843-3573, USA.


Fluorescence-enhanced optical tomography is typically performed using single point illumination and multiple point collection measurement geometry. Single point illumination is often insufficient to illuminate greater volumes of large phantoms and results in an inadequate fluorescent signal to noise ratio (SNR) for the majority of measurements. In this work, the use of simultaneous multiple point illumination geometry is proposed for acquiring a large number of fluorescent measurements with a sufficiently high SNR. As a feasibility study, dual point excitation sources, which are in-phase, were used in order to acquire surface measurements and perform three-dimensional reconstructions on phantoms of large volume and/or significant penetration depth. Measurements were acquired in the frequency-domain using a modulated intensified CCD imaging system under different experimental conditions of target depth (1.4-2.8 cm deep) with a perfect uptake optical contrast. Three-dimensional reconstructions of the fluorescence absorption from the dual point illumination geometry compare well with the reconstructions from the single point illumination geometry. Targets located up to 2 cm deep were located successfully, establishing the feasibility of reconstructions from simultaneous multiple point excitation sources. With improved excitation light rejection, multiple point illumination geometry may prove useful in reconstructing more challenging domains containing deeply embedded targets. Image quality assessment tools are required to determine the optimal measurement geometry for the largest set off imaging tasks.

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