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J Infect Dis. 2004 Mar 15;189(6):1103-12. Epub 2004 Mar 1.

Immune response of healthy women to 2 different group B streptococcal type V capsular polysaccharide-protein conjugate vaccines.

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1
Section of Infectious Diseases, Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas 77030, USA. cbaker@bcm.tmc.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Infections caused by group B streptococcal (GBS) type V are increasingly common. Capsular polysaccharide (CPS)-protein conjugate GBS vaccines are immunogenic in healthy adults, but type V vaccines have not previously been tested.

METHODS:

Thirty-five healthy, nonpregnant women were randomized to receive an intramuscular dose of GBS type V CPS-tetanus toxoid (TT) vaccine (n=15), GBS type V CPS-cross-reactive material (CRM(197)) conjugate vaccine (n=15), or placebo (n=5) (double-masked design). Levels of serum antibodies to type V CPS were measured by ELISA, and functional activity was measured by opsonophagocytosis.

RESULTS:

The vaccines were well tolerated. Significant increases in type V CPS-specific immunoglobulin G (IgG) were elicited by both vaccines, peaking at 4-8 weeks and persisting for 26 weeks. Four-fold or greater increases in type V CPS-specific IgG concentrations were noted in postimmunization serum samples obtained from 93% of subjects in each vaccine group. These concentrations persisted in > or =85% of conjugate-vaccine recipients 104 weeks later. Type V CPS-specific immunoglobulin M was a dominant isotype of immune response to each conjugate. Postimmunization serum samples promoted opsonophagocytic killing of GBS type V in vitro, whereas those from placebo recipients did not.

CONCLUSION:

GBS type V conjugate vaccines are safe and immunogenic and would be appropriate for inclusion in a candidate multivalent GBS vaccine.

PMID:
14999615
DOI:
10.1086/382193
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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