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J Proteome Res. 2004 Jan-Feb;3(1):97-103.

Proteomic analysis of human ventricular cerebrospinal fluid from neurologically normal, elderly subjects using two-dimensional LC-MS/MS.

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Department of Chemistry, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40506-0055, USA.


A two-dimensional liquid chromatography separation scheme coupled to tandem mass spectrometry (2-D LC-MS/MS) was utilized to profile the proteome of human CSF. Ventricular CSF samples acquired post-mortem from 10 cognitively normal elderly subjects (mean +/- SEM Braak stage = 1.7 +/- 0.2) were analyzed to determine their protein composition. Raw CSF samples were subjected to an immunobased processing method to remove highly abundant albumin and immunoglobulin (Ig), allowing better detection of lower-abundance proteins. Samples were subjected to trypsin proteolysis followed by C18 solid-phase extraction. Tryptic CSF peptides were separated using a 2-D LC column, in which both strong cation exchange (SCX) and C18 phases were packed into a single capillary. MS/MS spectra of CSF peptides were searched against a human sub-database of the NBCI nonredundant database using the SEQUEST algorithm. Search results were further filtered using DTAselect, and individual samples were compared to one another using Contrast. Using this method, we were able to unambiguously identify 249 CSF proteins from 10 subjects. Of these proteins, 38% were unique to individual subjects, whereas only 6% were common to all 10 subjects. These results suggest considerable subject-to-subject variability in the CSF proteome.

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